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For decades, human rights have been treated as the business of international institutions like the European Court of Human Rights. Yet, the respect for human rights on the part of governments has been invariably weak. Our team aims to explore the future of compliance with human rights. The team will analyse why and how states interfere in individuals’ lives and then determine when and how they change their behaviour in relation to human rights. The project builds on insights from social sciencesbehavioural economics, and psychology, to come up with new solutions and incentives, which governments, communities and even individuals can employ in the future. Our main purpose is to establish how we can challenge the status quo and help states internalise human rights in the future. 


We aim to find new solutions and incentives for better human rights protection in Europe and beyond


Human Rights Nudge is an ERC-funded project that looks at past cases of human rights violations and studies when and why states changed their practice


We are a team of experts and researchers from various fields that are working together to understand state behaviour


Veronika Fikfak. 'Against Settlement in the European Court of Human Rights'. (2022) 20.3 International Journal of Constitutional Law. 

Ula Aleksandra Kos. 'Signalling in European Rule of Law cases: Hungary and Poland as Case Studies.' (2023) Human Rights Law Review


Ula Aleksandra Kos. 'Controlling the narrative: Hungary’s post-2010 strategies of non-compliance before the European Court of Human Rights.' (2023) 19.2 European Constitutional Law Review. 

Katharina Luckner, Veronika Fikfak. 'Not all nations at all times: How States Imitate Each Other’s Behavior Towards Non-Compliance with International Law Norms: an ABM proposal.JURIX 2023 Proceedings, forthcoming.

Katharina Luckner, Veronika Fikfak. 'Applications of ABM in International Legal Research: The case of Compliance.' CEUR-WS Proceedings 3182.


Veronika Fikfak and Lora Izvorova. 'Language and Persuasion: Human Dignity at the European Court of Human Rights.' (2022) 22.4 Human Rights Law Review. 


Niccolò Ridi and Veronika Fikfak. 'Sanctioning to Change State Behaviour.' (2022) 13.2 Journal of International Dispute Settlement. 

Veronika Fikfak, Daniel Peat, and Eva van der Zee.
Bias in International Law.'  (2022) 23.3 German Law Journal.

Aysel Küçüksu. 'Enforcing Rights Beyond Litigation: Mapping NGO Strategies in Monitoring ECtHR Judgment Implementation.' (2022) 22.3 Human Rights Law Review.

Veronika Fikfak. 'Compliance and Compensation: Money as a currency of human rights.' in Rachel Murray and Debra Long, Handbook on Implementation of Human Rights Law. (Edward Elgar, 2022).

Veronika Fikfak. ‘Changing State Behaviour: Damages before the European Court of Human Rights’. (2018) Vol 29/4. European Journal of International Law, pp 1091-1125. 


18 October 2023

Ula Kos had got a new article out contrasting responses by Hungary and Poland to the European Court of Human Rights decisions in rule of law human rights cases, Signalling in European Rule of Law Cases.  

3 July 2023

Veronika Fikfak's article Against Settlement was awarded a Best Paper Prize (Best Mention) by the International Society of Public Law.  


1 March 2023

Veronika Fikfak spoke to Uncovering Politics podcast about her new article 'Against Settlement in the European Court of Human Rights.' Her discoveries uncover an important but hidden practice of the Court, which are increasingly used strategically by autocratic governments to avoid adverse judgments. Veronika discusses her concerns about what impact the settlement process is having on the victims of human rights violations. The podcast can be found here.

​17 February 2023

Ula Kos has published a new article on Hungarian (non)compliance with ECtHR judgments. She specifically identifies new strategies that Hungary is using to avoid adverse human rights decisions. Her discoveries fill an important gap in rule of law debates relating to Hungary. Ula's paper can be found here.

16 February 2023

Katharina Luckner and Veronika Fikfak have published a new paper on how states imitate each other towards non-compliance. Using ABM modelling, we show that non-compliance is contagious and that compliance with a judgment is not an isolated event, but a result of dynamics where states look to and learn from each other. 

1 January 2023

A new member has joined our team: Dilek Kurban who will conduct research on Turkish compliance with ECtHR judgments as part of the NUDGE project. Check out our 'Team page' for more information about Dilek.

15 November 2022

Aysel Küçüksu gave an interview to Democracy Reporting International providing input for their report about Danish elections and the Rule of Law. Aysel spoke about her research on Denmark's compliance with ECtHR judgments, also addressing specific areas like migration. You can read her thoughts here

Rewarding in International Law - Interview

Rewarding in International Law - Interview

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